Today is Tuesday, August 20, 2019

Today in
U.S. Civil War History



1862 - Horace Greeley's "The Prayer of Twenty Millions" was published. The editorial called on U.S. President Abraham Lincoln to declare emancipation for all slaves. Lincoln was already planning to emancipate slaves, but he did not admit it publicly until a month later with his preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.

1866 - It was formally declared by U.S. President Andrew Johnson that the American Civil War was over. The fighting had stopped months earlier.


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U.S. Civil War Quotes

"In your hand, my fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you. You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors. You have no oath in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to "preserve, protect, and defend" it...We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearthstone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature."
- U.S. President Abraham Lincoln at his inauguration ceremony on March 4, 1861.