0030 - Jesus of Nazareth was crucified.
0313 - Licinius unified the whole of the eastern empire under his
1250 - King Louis IX of France was ransomed for one million dollars.
1527 - Henry VIII and King Francis of France signed the treaty of
1725 - Spain withdrew from Quadruple Alliance.
1789 - George Washington took office as first elected U.S. president.
1803 - The U.S. purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for
1812 - Louisiana admitted as the 18th U.S. state.
1849 - The republican patriot and guerrilla leader Giuseppe
Garabaldi repulsed a French attack on Rome.
1864 - Work began on the Dams along the Red River. The work would allow Union General Nathaniel Banks' troops to sail over the rapids above Alexandria, Louisiana.
1889 - George Washington's inauguration became the first U.S. national
1900 - Hawaii was organized as an official U.S. territory.
1900 - Casey Jones was killed while trying to save the runaway
train "Cannonball Express."
1930 - The Soviet Union proposed a military alliance with France
and Great Britain.
1938 - Happy Rabbit appeared in the cartoon "Porky's Hare Hunt." This rabbit would later evolve into Bugs Bunny.
1939 - The first railroad car equipped with fluorescent lights was
put into service. The train car was known as the "General
1939 - Lou Gehrig played his last game with the New York Yankees.
1940 - Belle Martell was licensed in California by state boxing
officials. She was the first American woman, prizefight
1943 - The British submarine HMS Seraph dropped 'the man who never was,'
a dead man the British planted with false invasion plans,
into the Mediterranean off the coast of Spain.
1945 - Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide. They had been
married for one day. One week later Germany surrendered
1945 - Arthur Godfrey began his CBS radio morning show "Arthur
Godfrey Time." It ran until this day in 1972.
1947 - The name of Boulder Dam, in Nevada, was changed back to
1948 - The Organization of American States held its first meeting in
1953 - The British West Indian colonies agreed on the formation of the British Caribbean Federation that would eventually become a self-governing unit in the British Commonwealth.
1964 - The FCC ruled that all TV receivers should be equipped to
receive both VHF and UHF channels.
1968 - U.S. Marines attacked a division of North Vietnamese in the
village of Dai Do.
1970 - U.S. troops invaded Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army
base areas. The announcement by U.S. President Nixon led to
1972 - The North Vietnamese launched an invasion of the South.
1973 - U.S. President Nixon announced resignation of Haldeman,
Ehrlichman, and other top aides.
1975 - Communists North Vietnamese troops entered the Independence
Palace of South Vietnam in Saigon. 11 Marines lifted off of
the U.S. Embassy were the last soldiers to evacuate.
1980 - Terrorists seized the Iranian Embassy in London.
1984 - U.S. President Reagan signed cultural and scientific agreements
with China. He also signed a tax accord that would make it
easier for American companies to operate in China.
1991 - An estimated 125,000 people were killed in a cyclone that
1993 - Monica Seles was stabbed in the back during a tennis match in
Hamburg, Germany. The man called himself a fan of second-
ranked Steffi Graf. He was convicted of causing grievous
bodily harm and received a suspended sentence.
1998 - NATO was expanded to include Poland, Hungary and the Czech
Republic. The three nations were formally admitted the following
April at NATO's 50th anniversary summit.
1998 - United and Delta airlines announced their alliance that would
give them control of 1/3 of all U.S. passenger seats.
1998 - In the U.S., Federal regulators fined a contractor $2.25 million for improper handling of oxygen canisters on ValuJet that crashed in the Florida Everglades in 1996.
2002 - Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf was overwhelmingly approved for another five years as president.
2015 - NASA's Messenger spacecraft crashed into the surface of Mercury. The space probe sent back more than 270,000 pictures to earth.