1806 - A Spanish army repelled the British during their attempt to
retake Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1811 - Venezuela became the first South American country to declare
independence from Spain.
1814 - U.S. troops under Jacob Brown defeated a superior British
force at Chippewa, Canada.
1830 - France occupied the North African city of Algiers.
1832 - The German government began curtailing freedom of the press
after German Democrats advocate a revolt against Austrian
1839 - British naval forces bombarded Dingai on Zhoushan Island in
China and then occupied it.
1863 - U.S. Federal troops occupied Vicksburg, MS, and distributed
supplies to the citizens.
1865 - William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.
1865 - The U.S. Secret Service Division was created to combat currency counterfeiting, forging and the altering of currency and securities..
1892 - Andrew Beard was issued a patent for the rotary engine.
1916 - Adelina and August Van Buren started on the first successful
transcontinental motorcycle tour to be attempted by two
women. They started in New York City and arrived in San
Diego, CA, on September 12, 1916.
1935 - "Hawaii Call" was broadcast for the first time.
1935 - U.S. President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act into law. The act authorized labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.
1940 - During World War II, Britain and the Vichy government in France broke diplomatic relations.
1941 - German troops reached the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
1943 - The battle of Kursk began as German tanks attack the Soviet
salient. It was the largest tank battle in history.
1946 - The bikini bathing suit, created by Louis Reard, made its
debut during a fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris.
Micheline Bernardini wore the two-piece outfit.
1947 - Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians,
becoming the first black player in the American League.
1948 - Britain's National Health Service Act went into effect, providing government-financed medical and dental care.
1950 - U.S. forces engaged the North Koreans for the first time
at Osan, South Korea.
1951 - Dr. William Shockley announced that he had invented the
1962 - Algeria became independent after 132 years of French rule.
1975 - Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title when he defeated Jimmy Connors.
1984 - The U.S. Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old "exclusionary
rule," deciding that evidence seized with defective court
warrants could be used against defendants in criminal trials.
1989 - Former U.S. National Security Council aide Oliver North received a $150,000 fine and a suspended prison term for his part in the Iran-Contra affair. The convictions were later overturned.
1991 - Regulators shut down the Pakistani-managed Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) in eight countries. The charge was fraud, drug money laundering and illegal infiltration into the U.S. banking system.
1995 - The U.S. Justice Department decided not to take antitrust
action against Ticketmaster.
1998 - Japan joined U.S. and Russia in space exploration with the
launching of the Planet-B probe to Mars.
2000 - Jordanian security agents shot and killed a Syrian hijacker
after he threw a grenade that exploded and wounded 15
passengers aboard a Royal Jordanian airliner.
2000 - 10 Bengal tigers, including 7 rare white tigers, died at the
Nandankanan Zoo in India. The tigers died of trypanosomiasis
2000 - Euan Blair, the oldest son of British prime minister Tony
Blair, was arrested after police found him drunk and lying
on the ground in London's Leicester Square.