1483 - King Richard III of England was crowned.
1699 - Captain William Kidd, the pirate, was captured in Boston, MA,
and deported back to England.
1777 - British forces captured Fort Ticonderoga during the American
1854 - In Jackson, MI, the Republican Party held its first convention.
1858 - Lyman Blake patented the shoe manufacturing machine.
1885 - Louis Pasteur successfully tested his anti-rabies vaccine.
The child used in the test later became the director of the Pasteur Institute.
1905 - Fingerprints were exchanged for the first time between officials in Europe and
the U.S. The person in question was John Walker.
1917 - During World War I, Arab forces led by T.E. Lawrence captured
the port of Aqaba from the Turks.
1919 - A British dirigible landed in New York at Roosevelt Field.
It completed the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an
1923 - The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established.
1928 - "The Lights of New York" was previewed in New York's Strand
Theatre. It was the first all-talking movie.
1932 - The postage rate for first class mail in the U.S. went from
2-cents to 3-cents.
1933 - The first All-Star baseball game was held in Chicago. The
American League beat the National League 4-2.
1942 - Diarist Anne Frank and her family took refuge from the Nazis
1945 - U.S. President Truman signed an order creating the Medal of
1945 - Nicaragua became the first nation to formally accept the
United Nations Charter.
1947 - "Candid Microphone" began airing on ABC radio.
1948 - Frieda Hennok became the first woman to serve as the
commissioner of the Federal Communications Commission.
1957 - Althea Gibson won the Wimbledon women’s singles tennis title.
She was the first black athlete to win the event.
1966 - Malawi became a republic within the Commonwealth with Dr.
Hastings Banda as its first president.
1967 - The Biafran War erupted. The war lasted two-and-a-half years.
About 600,000 people died.
1981 - Former President of Argentina Isabel Peron was freed after five years of house arrest by a federal court.
1981 - The Dupont Company announced an agreement to purchase Conoco, Inc. (Continental Oil Co.) for $7 billion. At the time it was the largest merger in corporate history.
1983 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that retirement plans could not
pay women smaller monthly payments solely because of their
1983 - Fred Lynn (California Angels) hit the first grand slam
in an All-Star game. The American League defeated the
National League 13-3.
1985 - Martina Navratilova won her 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles
1985 - The submarine Nautilus arrived in Groton, Connecticut. The vessel had been towed from Mare Island Naval Shipyard.
1988 - Several popular beaches were closed in New York City due to
medical waste and other debris began washing up on the
1989 - The U.S. Army destroyed its last Pershing 1-A missiles at an
ammunition plant in Karnack, TX. The dismantling was under
the terms of the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces
1996 - Steffi Graf won her seventh Wimbledon title.
1997 - The Mars Pathfinder released Sojourner, a robot rover on the surface
of Mars. The spacecraft landed on the red planet on July 4th.
1997 - In Cambodia, Second Prime Minister Hun Sen ousted First
Prime Minister Norodom Ranariddh and claimed to have the
capital under his control.
1998 - Protestants rioted in many parts of Northern Ireland after
British authorities blocked an Orange Order march in
2000 - A jury awarded former NHL player Tony Twist $24 million for
the unauthorized use of his name in the comic book Spawn and
the HBO cartoon series. Co-defendant HBO settled with Twist
out of court for an undisclosed amount.