1415 - Henry the Navigator, the prince of Portugal, embarked on
an expedition to Africa.
1777 - The Marquis de Lafayette arrived in the American colonies to help with their rebellion against the British.
1789 - Ice cream was served to General George Washington by Mrs.
1825 - Walter Hunt patented the safety pin. Hunt then then sold the rights for
1866 - The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress. It was ratified on July 9, 1868. The amendment was designed to grant citizenship to and protect the civil liberties of recently freed slaves. It did this by prohibiting states from denying or abridging the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States, depriving any person of his life, liberty, or property without due process of law, or denying to any person within their jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
1888 - The U.S. Congress created the Department of Labor.
1898 - The Canadian Yukon Territory was organized.
1900 - China's Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese
Christians erupted into violence.
1912 - Captain Albert Berry made the first successful parachute jump
from an airplane in Jefferson, Mississippi.
1920 - The U.S. Post Office Department ruled that children may not be sent by parcel post.
1922 - Charlie Osborne started the longest attack on hiccups. He
hiccuped over 435 million times before stopping. He died in
1991, 11 months after his hiccups ended.
1923 - The French set a trade barrier between the occupied Ruhr
and the rest of Germany.
1927 - Charles Lindbergh was honored with a ticker-tape parade
in New York City.
1927 - For the first time, an American Flag was displayed from the
right hand of the Statue of Liberty.
1940 - Paris was evacuated before the German advance on the city.
1943 - German spies landed on Long Island, New York. They were
1944 - Germany launched 10 of its new V1 rockets against Britain from a position near the Channel coast. Of the 10 rockets only 5 landed in Britain and only one managed to kill (6 people in London).
1944 - Marvin Camras patented the wire recorder.
1949 - Bao Dai entered Saigon to rule Vietnam. He had been
installed by the French.
1951 - U.N. troops seized Pyongyang, North Korea.
1966 - The landmark "Miranda v. Arizona" decision was issued by the
U.S. Supreme Court. The decision ruled that criminal suspects
had to be informed of their constitutional rights before being
questioned by police.
1967 - Solicitor General Thurgood Marshall was nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson to become the first black justice on the U.S.
1971 - The New York Times began publishing the "Pentagon Papers".
The articles were a secret study of America's involvement
1978 - Israelis withdrew the last of their invading forces from
1979 - Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for
the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South
1983 - The unmanned U.S. space probe Pioneer 10 became the first
spacecraft to leave the solar system. It was launched in March 1972. The first up-close images of the planet Jupiter were provided by Pioneer 10.
1988 - The Liggett Group, a cigarette manufacturer, was found liable
for a lung-cancer death. They were, however, found innocent
by the federal jury of misrepresenting the risks of smoking.
1989 - The Detroit Pistons won their first National Basketball
Association title. They beat the L.A. Lakers in four games.