1096 - Peter the Hermit's crusaders forced their way across Sava,
1243 - The Seljuk Turkish army in Asia Minor was wiped out by the
1483 - Richard III usurped himself to the English throne.
1794 - The French defeated an Austrian army at the Battle of
1804 - The Lewis and Clark Expedition reached the mouth of the
Kansas River after completing a westward trek of nearly 400
1819 - The bicycle was patented by W.K. Clarkson, Jr.
1844 - John Tyler took Julia Gardiner as his bride, thus becoming
the first U.S. President to marry while in office.
1870 - The first section of the boardwalk in Atlantic City, NJ, was
opened to the public.
1894 - The American Railway Union called a general strike in
sympathy with Pullman workers.
1900 - The United States announced that it would send troops to
fight against the Boxer rebellion in China.
1900 - A commission that included Dr. Walter Reed began the fight
against the deadly disease yellow fever.
1907 - Russia's nobility demanded drastic measures to be taken
1908 - Shah Muhammad Ali's forces squelched the reform elements
of Parliament in Persia.
1917 - General John "Black Jack" Pershing arrived in France with
the American Expeditionary Force.
1925 - Charlie Chaplin's comedy, "The Gold Rush," premiered in
1926 - A memorial to the first U.S. troops in France was unveiled
at St. Nazaire.
1924 - After eight years of occupation, American troops left the
1942 - The Grumman F6F Hellcat fighter was flown for the first time.
1945 - The U.N. Charter was signed by 50 nations in San Francisco, CA.
1948 - The Berlin Airlift began as the U.S., Britain and France
started ferrying supplies to the isolated western sector
1951 - The Soviet Union proposed a cease-fire in the Korean War.
1959 - CBS journalist Edward R. Murrow interviewed Lee Remick.
It was his 500th and final guest on "Person to Person."
1959 - U.S. President Eisenhower joined Britain's Queen Elizabeth II
in ceremonies officially opening the St. Lawrence Seaway.
1961 - A Kuwaiti vote opposed Iraq's annexation plans.
1963 - U.S. President John Kennedy announced "Ich bin ein Berliner"
(I am a Berliner) at the Berlin Wall.
1971 - The U.S. Justice Department issued a warrant for Daniel
Ellsberg, accusing him of giving away the Pentagon Papers.
1975 - Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared a state of
emergency due to "deep and widespread conspiracy."
1976 - The CN (Canadian National) Tower in Toronto, Canada, opened.
1979 - Muhammad Ali, at 37 years old, announced that he was retiring
as world heavyweight boxing champion.
1981 - In Mountain Home, Idaho, Virginia Campbell took her coupons
and rebates and bought $26,460 worth of groceries. She only
paid 67 cents after all the discounts.
1985 - Wilbur Snapp was ejected after playing "Three Blind Mice" during a baseball game. The incident followed a call made by umpire Keith O'Connor.
1987 - The movie "Dragnet" opened in the U.S.
1996 - The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the Virginia Military
Institute to admit women or forgo state support.
1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court struck down the Communications Decency
Act of 1996 that made it illegal to distribute indecent
material on the Internet.
1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld state laws that allow for a ban
on doctor-assisted suicides.
1998 - The U.S. and Peru open school to train commandos to patrol
Peru's rivers for drug traffickers.
1998 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that employers are always
potentially liable for supervisor's sexual misconduct toward
2000 - The Human Genome Project and Celera Genomics Corp. jointly announced that they had created a working draft of the human genome.
2000 - Indonesia's President Abdurrahman Wahid declared a state of emergency in the Moluccas due to the escalation of fighting between Christians and Muslims.
2001 - Ray Bourque (Colorado Avalanche) announced his retirement just 17 days after winning his first Stanley Cup. Bouque retired after 22 years and held the NHL record for highest-scoring defenseman and playing in 19 consecutive All-Star games.
2002 - David Hasseloff checked into The Betty Ford Center for treatment of alcoholism.
2002 - WorldCom Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.