0363 - The death of Roman Emperor Julian brought an end to the
1693 - "The Ladies' Mercury" was published by John Dunton in
London. It was the first women's magazine and contained
a "question and answer" column that became known as a
1743 - King George II of England defeated the French at Dettingen, Bavaria, in the War of the Austrian Succession.
1787 - Edward Gibbon completed "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire." It was published the following May.
1801 - British forces defeated the French and took control of Cairo, Egypt.
1847 - New York and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.
1871 - The yen became the new form of currency in Japan.
1885 - Chichester Bell and Charles S. Tainter applied for a patent
for the gramophone. It was granted on May 4, 1886.
1893 - The New York stock market crashed. By the end of the year
600 banks and 74 railroads had gone out of business.
1905 - The battleship Potemkin succumbed to a mutiny on the
1918 - Two German pilots were saved by parachutes for the first
1923 - Yugoslav Premier Nikola Pachitch was wounded by Serb
attackers in Belgrade.
1924 - Democrats offered Mrs. Leroy Springs for vice presidential
nomination. She was the first woman considered for the job.
1927 - The U.S. Marines adopted the English bulldog as their mascot.
1929 - Scientists at Bell Laboratories in New York revealed a
system for transmitting television pictures.
1931 - Igor Sikorsky filed U.S. Patent 1,994,488, which marked the breakthrough in helicopter technology.
1940 - Robert Pershing Wadlow was measured by Dr. Cyril MacBryde and Dr. C. M. Charles. They recorded his height at 8' 11.1." He was only 22 at the time of his death on July 15, 1940.
1942 - The FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who
had been put ashore from a submarine on New York's Long
1944 - During World War II, American forces completed their capture
of the French port of Cherbourg from the German army.
1949 - "Captain Video and His Video Rangers" premiered on the
Dumont Television Network.
1950 - Two days after North Korea invaded South Korea, U.S.
President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into
the Korean conflict. The United Nations Security Council
had asked for member nations to help South Korea repel an
invasion from the North.
1954 - The world's first atomic power station opened at Obninsk,
1955 - The first "Wide Wide World" was broadcast on NBC-TV.
1955 - The state of Illinois enacted the first automobile seat belt legislation.
1958 - NBC's "Matinee Theatre" was seen for the final time.
1959 - The play, "West Side Story," with music by Leonard Bernstein,
closed after 734 performances on Broadway.
1961 - Arthur Michael Ramsey was enthroned as the 100th Archbishop
1964 - Ernest Borgnine and Ethel Merman were married. It only
lasted 38 days.
1966 - "Dark Shadows" began running on ABC-TV.
1967 - The world's first cash dispenser was installed at Barclays
Bank in Enfield, England. The device was invented by John
Sheppard-Barron. The machine operated on a voucher system and
the maximum withdrawal was $28.
1967 - Two hundred people were arrested during a race riot in Buffalo, NY.
1969 - Patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City's
Greenwich Village, clashed with police. This incident is
considered to be the birth of the homosexual rights movement.
1972 - Bobby Hull signed a 10-year hockey contract for $2,500,000.
He became a player and coach of the Winnipeg Jets of the
World Hockey Association.
1973 - Former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate
Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" that was kept
by the Nixon White House.
1973 - Nixon vetoed a Senate ban on bombing Cambodia.
1980 - U.S. President Carter signed legislation reviving draft
1984 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that individual colleges could
make their own TV package deals.
1984 - The Federal Communications Commission moved to deregulate
U.S. commercial TV by lifting most programming requirements
and ending day-part restrictions on advertising.
1985 - Route 66 was officially removed from the United States Highway System.
1985 - The U.S. House of Representatives voted to limit the use
of combat troops in Nicaragua.
1986 - The World Court ruled that the U.S. had broken international
law by aiding Nicaraguan rebels.
1991 - Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall resigned from the U.S.
Supreme Court. He had been appointed in 1967 by President Lyndon Johnson.
1995 - Qatar's Crown Prince Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani
ousted his father in a bloodless palace coup.
1998 - An English woman was impregnated with her dead husband's
sperm after two-year legal battle over her right to the
1998 - In a live joint news conference in China U.S. President
Clinton and President Jiang Zemin offered an uncensored
airing of differences on human rights, freedom, trade
2002 - In the U.S., the Securities and Exchange Commission required companies with annual sales of more than $1.2 billion to submit sworn statements backing up the accuracy of their financial reports.
2005 - In Alaska's Denali National Park, a roughly 70-million year old dinosaur track was discovered. The track was form a three-toed Cretaceous period dinosaur.