0483 - St. Felix III began his reign as Pope.
0607 - The 12th recorded passage of Halley's Comet occurred.
1519 - Cortez landed in Mexico.
1639 - Harvard University was named for clergyman John Harvard.
1660 - A statute was passed limiting the sale of slaves in the
colony of Virginia.
1777 - The U.S. Congress ordered its European envoys to appeal to
high-ranking foreign officers to send troops to reinforce
the American army.
1781 - Sir William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus.
1852 - The New York "Lantern" newspaper published the first "Uncle Sam cartoon". It was drawn by Frank Henry Bellew.
1865 - Jefferson Davis signed a bill authorizing slaves to be used
as soldiers for the Confederacy.
1868 - The U.S. Senate began the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.
1877 - Chester Greenwood patented the earmuff.
1878 - The first collegiate golf match was played between Oxford
1884 - Standard time was adopted throughout the U.S.
1900 - In South Africa, British Gen. Roberts took Bloemfontein.
1901 - Andrew Carnegie announced that he was retiring from business
and that he would spend the rest of his days giving away his
fortune. His net worth was estimated at $300 million.
1902 - In Poland, schools were shut down across the country when
students refused to sing the Russian hymn "God Protect the
1902 - Andrew Carnegie approved 40 applications from libraries for
1908 - The people of Jerusalem saw an automobile for the first time.
The owner was Charles Glidden of Boston.
1911 - The U.S. Supreme Court approved corporate tax law.
1915 - The Germans repelled a British expeditionary force attack
1918 - Women were scheduled to march in the St. Patrick's Day Parade
in New York due to a shortage of men due to wartime.
1925 - A law in Tennessee prohibited the teaching of evolution.
1930 - It was announced that the planet Pluto had been discovered by
scientist Clyde Tombaugh at the Lowell Observatory.
1933 - U.S. banks began to re-open after a "holiday" that had been declared by President Roosevelt.
1935 - Three-thousand-year-old archives were found in Jerusalem
confirming some biblical history.
1940 - The war between Russia and Finland ended with the signing
of a treaty in Moscow.
1941 - Adolf Hitler issued an edict calling for an invasion of the
1942 - Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps became the first woman
colonel in the U.S. Army.
1943 - Japanese forces ended their attack on the American troops
on Hill 700 in Bougainville.
1946 - Reports from Iran indicated that Soviet tanks units were
stationed 20 miles from Tehran.
1946 - Premier Tito seized wartime collaborator General Draja
Mikhailovich in a cave in Yugoslavia.
1951 - Israel demanded $1.5 billion in German reparations for the
cost of caring for war refugees.
1951 - The comic strip "Dennis the Menace" appeared for the first
time in newspapers across the country.
1957 - Jimmy Hoffa was arrested by the FBI on bribery charges.
1963 - China invited Soviet President Khrushchev to visit Peking.
1969 - The Apollo 9 astronauts returned to Earth after the
conclusion of a mission that included the successful testing
of the Lunar Module.
1970 - Cambodia ordered Hanoi and Viet Cong troops to leave.
1970 - Digital Equipment Corp. introduced the PDP-11 minicomputer.
1972 - "The Merv Griffin Show" debuted in syndication for Metromedia
1974 - The U.S. Senate voted 54-33 to restore the death penalty.
1974 - An embargo imposed by Arab oil-producing countries was lifted.
1980 - A jury in Winamac, IN, found Ford Motor Company innocent of reckless homicide in the deaths of three young women that had been riding in a Ford Pinto.
1988 - The board of trustees off Gallaudet University in Washington, DC, chose I. King Jordan to be its first deaf president. The college is a liberal arts college for the hearing-impaired.
1990 - The U.S. lifted economic sanctions against Nicaragua.
1991 - Exxon paid $1 billion in fines and for the clean-up of the
Alaskan oil spill.
1995 - The first United Nations World Summit on Social Development
concluded in Copenhagen, Denmark.
1997 - Sister Nirmala was chosen by India's Missionaries of Charity to
succeed Mother Teresa as leader of the Catholic order.
2002 - Fox aired "Celebrity Boxing." Tonya Harding beat Paula Jones, Danny Banaduce beat Barry Williams and Todd Bridges defeated Vanilla Ice.
2003 - Japan sent a destroyer to the Sea of Japan amid reports that North Korea was planning to test an intermediate-range ballistic missile.
2003 - A report in the journal "Nature" reported that scientists had found 350,000-year-old human footprints in Italy. The 56 prints were made by three early, upright-walking humans that were descending the side of a volcano.
2006 - In New York, the official start of construction of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum began.
2012 - After 244 years of publication, Encyclopędia Britannica announced it would discontinue its print edition.