1379 - The Gelderse war ended.
1545 - German Parliament opened in Worms.
1550 - France and England signed the Peace of Boulogne.
1629 - In Virginia, the first game law was passed in the American colonies.
1664 - A charter to colonize Rhode Island was granted to Roger
Williams in London.
1720 - In Paris, banking houses closed due to financial crisis.
1765 - Britain passed the Quartering Act that required the American colonies
to house 10,000 British troops in public and private buildings.
1792 - Benjamin West became the first American artist to be selected
president of the Royal Academy of London.
1828 - The Philadelphia & Columbia Railway was authorized as the
first state owned railway.
1832 - Mormon Joseph Smith was beaten, tarred and feathered in Ohio.
1837 - Canada gave blacks the right to vote
1848 - A state of siege was proclaimed in Amsterdam.
1868 - Metropolitan Life Insurance Company was formed.
1878 - The British frigate Eurydice sank killing 300.
1880 - The first "hail insurance company" was incorporated in
Connecticut. It was known as Tobacco Growers’ Mutual
1882 - In Berlin, German scientist Robert Koch announced the discovery of the
tuberculosis germ (bacillus).
1883 - The first telephone call between New York and Chicago took place.
1900 - Mayor Van Wyck of New York broke the ground for the New York
subway tunnel that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
1900 - In New Jersey, the Carnegie Steel Corporation was formed.
1904 - Vice Adm. Tojo sank seven Russian ships as the Japanese
strengthened their blockade of Port Arthur.
1905 - In Crete, a group led by Eleutherios Venizelos claimed
independence from Turkey.
1906 - In Mexico, the Tehuantepec Istmian Railroad opened as a rival
to the Panama Canal.
1906 - The "Census of the British Empire" revealed that England ruled
1/5 of the world.
1911 - In Denmark, penal code reform abolished corporal punishment.
1920 - The first U.S. coast guard air station was established at
Morehead City, NC.
1924 - Greece became a republic.
1927 - Chinese Communists seized Nanking and break with Chiang
Kai-shek over the Nationalist goals.
1932 - Belle Baker hosted a radio variety show from a moving train.
It was the first radio broadcast from a train.
1934 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed a bill granting future
independence to the Philippines.
1938 - The U.S. asked that all countries help refugees fleeing from
1944 - In Rome, The Gestapo rounded up innocent Italians and shot
them to death in response to a bomb attack that killed 32
German policemen. Over 300 civilians were executed.
1946 - The Soviet Union announced that it was withdrawing its
troops from Iran.
1947 - The U.S. Congress proposed the limitation of the presidency
to two terms.
1954 - Britain opened trade talks with Hungary.
1955 - Tennessee Williams' play "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" debuted on Broadway.
1955 - The first oil drill seagoing rig was put into service.
1960 - A U.S. appeals court ruled that the novel "Lady Chatterly’s Lover" was not obscene and could be sent through the mail.
1972 - Great Britain imposed direct rule over Northern Ireland.
1976 - The president of Argentina, Isabel Peron, was deposed by her country's military.
1980 - In San Salvador, Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero was shot to death by gunmen as he celebrated Mass.
1980 - "Nightline" with Ted Koppel premiered.
1982 - Soviet leader Leonid L. Brezhnev stated that Russia was willing to resume border talks with China.
1985 - Thousands demonstrated in Madrid against the NATO presence in Spain.
1988 - Former national security aides Oliver L. North and John M. Poindexter and businessmen Richard V. Secord and Albert Hakim pled innocent to Iran-Contra charges.
1989 - The Exxon Valdez spilled 240,000 barrels (11 million gallons) of oil in Alaska's Prince William Sound after it ran aground.
1989 - The U.S. decided to send humanitarian aid to the Contras.
1990 - Indian troops left Sri Lanka.
1991 - The African nation of Benin held its first presidential elections in about 30 years.
1993 - In Israel, Ezer Weizman, an advocate of peace with neighboring Arab nations, was elected President.
1995 - Russian forces surrounded Achkoi-Martan. It was one of the few remaining strongholds of rebels in Chechenia.
1995 - The U.S. House of Representatives passed a welfare reform package that made the most changes in social programs since the New Deal.
1997 - The Australian parliament overturned the world's first and only euthanasia law.
1998 - In Jonesboro, AR, two young boys open fire at students from woods near a school. Four students and a teacher were killed and 10 others were injured. The two boys were 11 and 13 years old cousins.
1998 - A former FBI agent said papers found in James Earl Ray's car supports a conspiracy theory in the assassination of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
1999 - In Kenya, at least 31 people were killed when a passenger train derailed. Hundreds were injured.
1999 - NATO launched air strikes against Yugoslavia (Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo and Vojvodina). The attacks marked the first time in its 50-year history that NATO attacked a sovereign country. The bombings were in response to Serbia's refusal to sign a peace treaty with ethnic Albanians who were seeking independence for the province of Kosovo.
1999 - The 7-mile tunnel under Mont Blanc in France became an inferno after a truck carrying flour and margarine caught fire. At least 30 people were killed.
2001 - Apple Computer Inc's operating system MAC OS X went on sale.
2002 - Thieves stole five 17th century paintings from the Frans Hals Museum in the Dutch city of Haarlem. The paintings were worth about $2.6 million. The paintings were works by Jan Steen, Cornelis Bega, Adriaan van Ostade and Cornelis Dusart.
2005 - The government of Kyrgyzstan collapsed after opposition protesters took over President Askar Akayev's presidential compound and government offices.
2005 - Sandra Bullock received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2006 - In Spain, the Basque separatist group ETA announced a permanent cease-fire.
2014 - It was announced that the U.S. and its allies would exclude Russia from the G8 meeting and boycott a planned summit in Sochi in response to Russia's takeover of Crimea.
2019 - U.S. Attorney General William Barr released a four-page summary of Special Counsel Robert Mueller's report in U.S. President Donald Trump's election campaign. The report concluded that there was no collusion with Russia.