May 4


1471 - In England, the Yorkists defeated the Landcastrians at the battle of Tewkesbury in the War of the Roses.

1493 - Alexander VI divided non-Christian world between Spain and Portugal.

1626 - Dutch explorer Peter Minuit landed on Manhattan Island. Native Americans later sold the island (20,000 acres) for $24 in cloth and buttons.

1715 - A French manufacturer debuted the first folding umbrella.

1776 - Rhode Island declared its freedom from England two months before the Declaration of Independence was adopted.

1814 - Napoleon Bonaparte disembarked at Portoferraio on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.

1863 - The Battle of Chancellorsville ended when the Union Army retreated.

1886 - A bomb exploded on the fourth day of a workers' strike in Chicago, IL. Eight people died in the violence during violence that day.

1886 - Chichester Bell and Charles S. Tainter patented the gramophone. It was the first practical phonograph.

1904 - The U.S. formally took control of the property for construction of the Panama Canal.

1905 - Belmont Park opened in suburban Long Island. It opened as the largest race track in the world.

1916 - Germany agreed to limit its submarine warfare after a demand from U.S. President Wilson.

1942 - The Battle of the Coral Sea commenced as American and Japanese carriers launched their attacks at each other.

1942 - The United States began food rationing.

1954 - The first intercollegiate court tennis match was played in the U.S. It was between Yale and Princeton.

1961 - Thirteen civil rights activists, dubbed "Freedom Riders," began a bus trip through the South.

1964 - "Another World" premiered on NBC-TV.

1970 - The Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on students during an anti-Vietnam war protest at Kent State University. Four students were killed and nine others were wounded.

1979 - Margaret Thatcher became Britain's first woman prime minister.

1981 - The Federal Reserve Board raised its discount rate to 14%.

1987 - Live models were used for the first time in Playtex bra ads.

1987 - The First Bank of the United States was listed as a National Historic Landmark.

1994 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed a historic accord on Palestinian autonomy that granted self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.

2000 - The citizens of London elected their mayor for the first time.

2003 - Idaho Gem was born. He was the first member of the horse family to be cloned.

2010 - Pablo Picasso's "Nude, Green Leaves and Bust" sold for $106.5 million.

2012 - In Las Vegas, NV, Google received the first self-driving vehicle testing license.