1776 - British troops captured Fort Washington during the American
1871 - The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) was first chartered in the State of New York.
1885 - Canadian rebel Louis Riel was executed for high treason.
1907 - Oklahoma was admitted as the 46th state.
1915 - Coca-Cola had its prototype for a contoured bottle patented. The bottle made its commercial debut the next year.
1933 - The United States and the Soviet Union established diplomatic
relations for the first time.
1952 - In the Peanuts comic strip, Lucy first held a football for Charlie Brown.
1957 - Jim Brown (Cleveland Browns) set an NFL season rushing record of 1163 yards after only eight games.
1966 - Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard was acquitted in his second trial of
charges he had murdered his pregnant wife, Marilyn, in 1954.
1969 - The U.S. Army announced that several had been charged with massacre and the subsequent cover-up in the My Lai massacre in Vietnam on March 16, 1968.
1973 - Skylab 3 carrying a crew of three astronauts, was launched
from Cape Canaveral, FL, on an 84-day mission.
1973 - U.S. President Nixon signed the Alaska Pipeline measure into law.
1981 - A vaccine for hepatitis B was approved. The vaccine had been developed at Merck Institute for Therapeutic Research.
1982 - An agreement was announced on the 57th day of a strike by
National Football League (NFL) players.
1985 - Colonel Oliver North was put in charge of the shipment of HAWK anti-aircraft missiles to Iran.
1988 - Estonia's parliament declared that the Baltic republic
"sovereign," but stopped short of complete independence.
1994 - Major League Soccer announced that it would start its inaugural season in 1996.
1997 - China released Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident from
jail for medical reasons. He had been incarcerated for
almost 18 years.
1998 - In Burlington, WIsconsin, five high school students, aged 15
to 16, were arrested in an alleged plot to kill a carefully
selected group of teachers and students.
1998 - It was announced that Monica Lewinsky had signed a deal for
the North American rights to a book about her affair with
U.S. President Clinton.
1998 - The U.S. Supreme Court said that union members could file
discrimination lawsuits against employers even when labor
contracts require arbitration.
1999 - Johnny Depp received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1999 - Chrica Adams, the pregnant girlfriend of Rae Carruth, was shot four times in her car. She died a month later from her wounds. The baby survived. Carruth was sentenced to a minimum of 18 years and 11 months in prison for his role in the murder.
2000 - Bill Clinton became the first serving U.S. president to visit Communist Vietnam.
2001 - The movie "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" opened in the U.S. and U.K.
2004 - A NASA unmanned "scramjet" (X-43A) reached a speed of nearly 10 times the speed of sound above the Pacific Ocean.