1558 - Elizabeth I ascended the English throne upon the death of
Queen Mary Tudor.
1603 - Sir Walter Raleigh went on trial for treason.
1796 - Catherine the Great of Russia died at the age of 67.
1798 - Irish nationalist leader Wolfe Tone committed suicide while in jail awaiting execution.
1800 - The U.S. Congress held its first session in Washington, DC,
in the partially completed Capitol building.
1869 - The Suez Canal opened in Egypt, linking the Mediterranean and the Red seas.
1880 - The first three British female graduates received their Bachelor of Arts degrees from London University.
1903 - Russia's Social Democrats officially split into two groups - Bolsheviks and Mensheviks.
1904 - The first underwater submarine journey was taken, from Southampton, England, to the Isle of Wight.
1913 - The steamship Louise became the first ship to travel through the Panama Canal.
1913 - In Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm banned the armed forces from dancing the tango.
1922 - Siberia voted for union with the U.S.S.R.
1962 - Washington's Dulles International Airport was dedicated by
U.S. President Kennedy.
1968 - NBC cut away from the final minutes of a New York Jets-Oakland
Raiders game to begin a TV special, "Heidi," on schedule.
The Raiders came from behind to beat the Jets 43-32.
1970 - The Soviet Union landed an unmanned, remote-controlled vehicle on the moon, the Lunokhod 1. The vehicle was released by Luna 17.
1973 - U.S. President Nixon told an Associated Press managing editors
meeting in Orlando, FL, "people have got to know whether
or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook."
1979 - Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini ordered the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
1988 - Benazir Bhutto became the first woman leader of an Islamic country. She was elected in the first democratic elections in Pakistan in 11 years.
1990 - A mass grave was discovered by the bridge over the River Kwai in Thailand. The bodies were believed to be those of World War II prisoners of war.
1990 - The Soviet government agreed to change the country's constitution.
1997 - 62 people were killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut in Luxor, Egypt. The attackers were killed by police.
1997 - Mario Lemieux was voted into the NHL Hall of Fame.
2001 - "Toys "R" Us Times Square - The Center of the Toy Universe" opened in New York City.
2006 - Sony's PlayStation 3 went on sale in the United States.
2010 - Reasearchers trapped 38 antihydrogen atoms. It was the first time humans had trapped antimatter.