1684 - Japan's shogun Yoshimune Tokugawa was born.
1701 - Anders Celsius was born in Sweden. He was the inventor of the Celsius thermometer.
1779 - The College of Pennsylvania became the University of Pennsylvania. It was the first legally recognized university in America.
1839 - The American Statistical Association was founded in Boston.
1889 - Curtis P. Brady was issued the first permit to drive an automobile through Central Park in New York City.
1901 - The Army War College was established in Washington, DC.
1910 - New York's Pennsylvania Station opened.
1934 - The U.S. bank robber George "Baby Face" Nelson was killed by FBI agents near Barrington, IL.
1939 - The play "Key Largo," by Maxwell Anderson, opened in New York.
1951 - Hosea Richardson became the first black horse racing jockey to be licensed in Florida.
1963 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his first address to a joint session of Congress.
1970 - Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was attacked at the Manila airport by a Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.
1973 - The U.S. Senate voted to confirm Gerald R. Ford as vice president after the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew.
1978 - San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk, a gay-rights activist, were shot to death inside City Hall by Dan White, a former supervisor.
1980 - Dave Williams (Chicago Bears) became the first player in NFL history to return a kick for touchdown in overtime.
1983 - 183 people were killed when a Colombian Avianca Airlines Boeing 747 crashed near Barajas airport in Madrid.
1985 - The British House of Commons approved the Anglo-Irish accord giving Dublin a consulting role in the governing of British-ruled Northern Ireland.
1987 - French hostages Jean-Louis Normandin and Roger Auque were set free by their pro-Iranian captors in West Beirut, Lebanon.
1989 - 107 people were killed when a bomb destroyed a Colombian jetliner minutes after the plane had taken off from Bogota's international airport. Police blamed the incident on drug traffickers.
1991 - The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution that led the way for the establishment of a UN peacekeeping operation in Yugoslavia.
1992 - In Venezuela, rebel forces tried but failed to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez for the second time in ten months.