1415 - In Northern France, England won the Battle of Agincourt over France during the Hundred Years' War. Almost 6000 Frenchmen were killed while fewer than 400 were lost by the English.
1812 - During the War of 1812, the U.S. frigate United States captured the British vessel Macedonian.
1854 - The Charge of the Light Brigade took place during the Crimean War. The British were winning the Battle of Balaclava when Lord James Cardigan received an order to attack the Russians. He took his troops into a valley and suffered 40 percent caualties. Later it was revealed that the order was the result of confusion and was not given intentionally.
1870 - The first U.S. trademark was given. The recipient was the Averill Chemical Paint Company of New York City.
1881 - The founder of "Cubism," Pablo Picasso, was born in Malaga, Spain.
1917 - The Bolsheviks (Communists) under Vladimir Ilyich Lenin seized power in Russia.
1929 - Alber B. Fall, of U.S. President Harding's cabinet, was found guilty of taking a bribe. He was sentenced to a year in prison and fined $100,000.
1939 - "The Time of Your Life," by William Saroyan, opened in New York.
1951 - In Panmunjom, peace talks concerning the Korean War resumed after 63 days.
1954 - A U.S. cabinet meeting was televised for the first time.
1955 - The microwave oven, for home use, was introduced by The Tappan Company.
1958 - U.S. Marines withdrew from Beirut, Lebanon. They had been sent in on July 25, 1958, to protect the nation's pro-Western government.
1960 - The Accutron watch by the Bulova Watch Company was introduced.
1962 - U.S. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson presented photographic evidence to the United Nations Security Council. The photos were of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
1962 - American author John Steinbeck was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
1971 - The U.N. General Assembly voted to expel Taiwan and admit mainland China.
1983 - U.S. troops and soldiers from six Caribbean nations invaded Grenada to restore order and provide protection to U.S. citizens after a recent coup within Grenada's Communist (pro-Cuban) government.
1990 - It was announced by U.S. Defense Secretary Dick Cheney that the Pentagon was planning to send 100,000 more troops to Saudi Arabia.
2000 - AT&T Corp. announced that it would restructure into a family of four separately traded companies (consumer, business, broadband and wireless).
2001 - It was announced that scientists had unearthed the remains of an ancient crocodile which lived 110 million years ago. The animal, found in Gadoufaoua, Niger, grew as long as 40 feet and weighed as much as eight metric tons.