Music History for

October 22


1811 - Composer Franz Liszt was born.

1832 - Founder of the New York Philharmonic, Leopold Damrosch, was born in Russia.

1883 - The Metropolitan Opera House held its grand opening in New York.

1917 - Leopold Stokowski led the Philadelphia Orchestra in its first recording session.

1933 - Bing Crosby recorded "Temptation" with Lennie Hayton's orchestra. He recorded it again in 1945 with John Scott Trotter's Orchestra.

1961 - Chubby Checker appeared on the "Ed Sullivan Show" and performed "The Twist."

1964 - The Who failed an audition with EMI. They were known as High Numbers at the time.

1965 - "Get Off My Cloud" was released in the U.K. by the Rolling Stones in the U.K.

1969 - Led Zeppelin's album "Led Zeppelin II" was released in the United States.

1974 - "Hotter Than Hell was released by KISS. It was the second album to be released by the band.

1978 - Earth, Wind & Fire began a sold-out tour in the U.S. that consisted of 75 dates.

1982 - Mayor Sara Robertson in Worcester, MA, declared Van Halen Day in response to local fans collecting 25,000 signatures requesting the band add a second show to their tour.

1983 - New York's Metropolitan Opera celebrated its 100th anniversary.

1997 - MTV Italy launched its first domestically planned and produced Italian-language show, "Sonic."

1997 - Italy's antitrust agency, the Guarantor for Competition fined the Italian divisions of BMG, EMI, PolyGram, Sony Music and Warner Music a total of 7.7 billion lire ($4.5 million), with the claim that they had formed a cartel to drown out competition.